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Agricultural Economics and Management Journal   ISSN 0205-3845
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Management Activity of Farm Women in Imbulpe DS Division in Sri Lanka: A Household Level Analysis
S. D. D. Rathnachandra, S. H. P. Malkanthi
Abstract: Women empowerment and gender equity are two important aspects of the sustainable development of a
country. As Sri Lanka is on the way towards sustainable development, this study was conducted to assess
the situation of women farmers’ empowerment in Imbulpe Divisional Secretariat (DS) division of the country. A
sample of 145 women farmers was randomly selected for the study, from five selected Grama Niladhari (GN)
divisions. Data was collected from a field survey using a pre-tested, self-administered questionnaire survey
from April to July 2019. Empowerment was analyzed using the empowerment framework used by Rahman
and Naoroze in 2007 in the study of “Women Empowerment through Participation in Aquaculture” with necessary
modifications. Data analysis was conducted using descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and multiple
linear regression analysis.
Results revealed that majority of the women farmers were middle aged, married and had children. Furthermore,
most of them had education up to secondary level. While average family size was four, average farm
size was 1.25 acres. They had around 16 years of farming experience. The average monthly income of them
was 25,000.00 LKR whereas 20% of it was from agriculture. The main sources of empowerment of women
farmers were the Agrarian Service Center (55%) followed by village organizations/societies (30%) and microfinance
institutions (26%). Furthermore, women empowerment index was 0.65. It is a moderate level of empowerment.
However, there were women farmers under only three categories of empowerment levels: low empowerment
(4.1%), medium empowerment (58.5) and high empowerment (36.1%). Out of the socio economic
factors; age, education, family size, land size, number of training programs participated, monthly income, experience
in agriculture and number of organizations participated, education and number of training programs
attended had significant and positive effect for the empowerment. Therefore, proving of timely important agricultural
education and training programs, better micro finance programs and agricultural credit facilities will be
able to enhance the empowerment level of the women farmers of this area furthermore.
Keywords: farming activities; gender equity; Sri Lanka; sustainable development; Women empowerment
Date published: 2020-06-08
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