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Agricultural Economics and Management Journal   ISSN 0205-3845
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Economic evaluation of the production of Swiss chard as a non-traditional crop in Bulgaria
Iliana Krishkova, Desislava Todorova, Tsvetanka Dintcheva
Abstract: The study was conducted at Maritsa Vegetable Crops Research Institute – Plovdiv and Institute of Agriculture – Kyustendil in the period 2018–2021. The climatic conditions of Plovdiv are suitable for cultivation of Swiss chard for early and late production in open field and Kyustendil for late production in open field. The main objective of the study is to make an economic assessment of Swiss chard production in two regions to see and provide information on the efficiency of this production. Key indicators to determine the economic evaluation were used. Production costs are determined on the basis of cultivation technology and obtained yields.
It was found that the value of gross production for the Plovdiv region is highest with green chard (Swiss chard) with the first date of sowing, in early March – 55 815 lv/da, and in the Kyustendil region, the highest gross production is obtained from the variety Verde a costa larga argentata 2 (Italy) – 25,163 lv/da. Low production costs are characterized by early production in the Plovdiv region (0.56–0.73 lv/kg), followed by late production in the Kyustendil region (0.78–0.93 lv/kg) and the highest cost of late production in Plovdiv (1.48–2.51 lv/kg). The production of Swiss chard in both regions is economically profitable, as for Plovdiv it is preferable to green (Swiss chard) with early sowing, and for Kyustendil swiss chard variety Verde a costa larga argentata 2 (Italy).
Keywords: costs; net income; prime cost; swiss chard
Date published: 2022-11-04
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